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Defense Style Questionnaire (DSQ) is a self-report instrument designed to measure defense mechanisms. Although commonly used, the. J Nerv Ment Dis. Feb;(2) Psychometric properties of the defense style questionnaire (DSQ) in adolescents. Ruuttu T(1), Pelkonen M, Holi M. Request PDF on ResearchGate | On May 1, , H Chabrol and others published Validity study of DSQ (Defense Style Questionnaire. The item version).

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I live more of my life in my dreams than in real life [instead of: The present study failed to support the three factor solution suggested in the original study Andrews et al. Two defenses, sublimation and rationalization, failed to contribute to this factor. The consistency of our defwnse with the only, comprehensive study on the exploration of the factor structure of the DSQ in adolescents Ruuttu et al.

Psychometric properties of the defense style questionnaire (DSQ) in adolescents.

The inter-correlations range from. Developmental Psychology47— The response evaluation measure REM There was no payment or other incentive to participate in the study.

SA Journal of Industrial Psychology38 If I can predict that I’m going to be sad ahead of time, I can cope better. The first had a double loading on two factors with loadings of. The study supports previous findings concerning gender differences in defense use. The goal was to see how the 20 individual defenses loaded onto factors, commonly referred to as defense styles.

Psychometric properties of the defense style questionnaire (DSQ-40) in adolescents.

If I were in a crisis, I would seek out another person who had the same problem. The second defense style had also a cross-loading more than. Convergent Validity The results in Table 4 show that the Mature factor was positively associated with Psychological Well-being whereas the Neurotic factor was positively associated with paternal acceptance and Psychological Well-being.


To determine the number of factors, we examined the goodness of fit for each proposed model based on criteria of goodness of fit, interpretability of the solution, and strength of parameter estimators.

Journal of Affective Disorders, 58— With regards to specific defenses, it was found that 5 th graders scored higher in anticipation, pseudoaltruism and idealization, whereas 6 th graders scored higher in passive aggression, displacement, dissociation, splitting and rationalization. This factor differentiates from the third one, image-distorting, although they both depict immature personality patterns, in terms of action-orientation and image-orientation, respectively. The Ssq Style Questionnaire.

The relationship between affective temperaments, defensive styles and depressive symptoms in a large sample. The failure of sublimation and rationalization to contribute to the factor structure raises the need for future cross-sectional as well as longitudinal studies to test the contribution of these defenses in different age samples and also in clinical and non-clinical groups to further support the structure and the discriminant validity of the Queestionnaire in late childhood.

Support Center Support Center. Greater maturity of defense styles was associated with lower scores in bullying behaviours and with higher scores of psychological well-being and parental acceptance.

Journal of Clinical Psychology52— Scores for defense mechanisms and defense styles are formed by averaging the ratings for relevant items. Interestingly, age differences were significant for defense styles, although the age range in the current sample was very small. Nevertheless, all Cronbach alphas were greater than 0. The Kaiser criterion, which recommends that the number of factors be equivalent to the dqs of eigenvalues greater than 1, suggested five factors.

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Limitations — Future Directions In the present study, valid and widely used instruments provide evidence for the appropriateness of the adult version of the DSQ for use in questiobnaire childhood-early adolescents.

A new instrument for the measurement of defenses in adults and adolescents. Construct Validity Table 4 presents the correlation coefficients between each of the four DSQ defense styles. Is defense style associated with unstable self-esteem?

The meaning and strategic use of factor analysis. We also compared use of defenses between genders; girls reported less use of mature and image-distorting styles than did boys.

Defense Style Questionnaire

Suppression matureand autistic-fantasy immature. I’m able to keep a problem out of my mind until I have time to deal with it. Longitudinal study of defense mechanisms: Research has indicated that defense styles measured by the DSQ are associated with psychological adjustment questionnare psychopathology Pour et al.

Lastly, studies have linked immature defense mechanisms with the development of various psychological difficulties such as anxiety and depression Blaya et al. The application of electronic computers to factor analysis. Psychoanalysis and the growth of the personality.

Implications for preventive inclusive strategies.